WHAT IS 5G?
“5G is the fifth generation technology standard for broadband cellular networks, which cellular phone companies began deploying worldwide in 2019, and is the planned successor to the 4G networks which provide connectivity to most current cellphones.“
India’s first 5G Network are coming into the market but it would be too early to celebrate just yet but why?
Let’s understand how 5G is different from 4G within the first place and what are the challenges for implementation in India.
· The primary difference between the 2 networks is that 4G currently transmits many MB per second and 5G is predicted to transmit 1 GB per second.
· The second difference is that 5g is predicted to have lower data latency, which is that the delay between sending and receiving signals.
· This data latency will drop to almost 1 milli second with 5G which is now around 45 milliseconds with 4G.
Currently one can only imagine the good possibilities of high-speed Internet of this kind can assure.
One of the few examples of what 5G could enable is that fully automatic self-driving cars could communicate with one another which is also an example of machine to machine communication & which has the potential to grow tremendously under 5G.
Essentially higher rate and lower latency is what it must achieve this and more machine to machine communication.
One will require huge technical changes and new regulatory frameworks.
This would need more Circuit hours but shorter ones than we currently use because shorter circuit hours are often placed more closely and data latency are often minimized.
Currently a 4G base station is placed every one to 5 kilometers but with 5G it will need to be placed every 250 meters.
Setting of 5G would also require redesigning of antennas in order that there’s less interference between the varied signals which will be transmitted.
At the same time India is not ready for the structural changes for implementation of 5G Network.
INDIAN TELECOM IS IN DEBT :-
The cumulative debt of the telecom sector in 2017 was almost five lakh crore rupees with revenues of less than 1.8 lakh crore rupees& In near future , Telecom companies in India are likely to witness an increase in their debt levels to Rs 4.7 lakh crore by March 2022 despite tariff hikes, consistent with estimates by domestic ratings agency ICRA.
In 2008 around 8 to 10 players entered the telecom market together and an excessive amount of competition became unsustainable within the long run.
As we see it now at the time telecom players weren’t only watching short term value gains but they also overestimated the Indian marketplace for 3G.
After a decade telecom and IoT players are still overestimating the 5G market by partially relying heavily on smartphone penetration in India.
Which is true indeed because 52% of all mobile users in India are going to be expected to have a smartphone by 2022.
But our new VoLTE 4G till now has only remained a Tier one phenomena in India.
So what proportion 5G goes to assist the 52% smartphone users across the country. It seems to be a pertinent question over the years and even now the big-ticket spectrum auctions have aggravated the crisis.
Telecommunication Companies are compelled to bid high for spectrums and this among falling tariffs and a user revenue of $2 per user which is the lowest within the world in 2016.
Reliance JIO’s offer of free voice calls was the ultimate jolt to the world because 80% of the sector’s revenue comes from voice calls & this left the Indian telecom sector with no choice but of consolidation of other players.
The Indian telecom sector seems to get on the crossroads with an all new task of building and designing 5G networks from the ground Level.